Hardware, Software, & Operating Systems


Hardware | Build your own PC | Laptops & Other Devices | Software | Operating Systems | Emerging Technology

Computer hardware, software, and an operating system require each other and neither can be realistically used without the other.

Hardware

Computer hardware is the collection of physical elements that constitutes a computer system. Computer hardware refers to the physical parts or components of a computer such as the monitor, mouse, keyboard, computer data storage, hard drive disk (HDD), system unit (graphic cards, sound cards, memory, motherboard and chips), etc. all of which are physical objects that can be touched. In otherwords, if you can physically touch it and it is considered a part of a computer system, them it is computer hardware.

The key hardware components in a computer system are:

Getting to know computers
Click on the picture to read the website. Be sure to watch the video and engage in the interactive.

Basic parts of a desktop computer
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Buttons, Sockets and Slots on a Desktop Computer
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Inside a Desktop Computer
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Assignment: Computer Hardware worksheet

Directions: Complete the online worksheet in itsLearning.


Build Your Own PC

How to buy a computer presentation
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Assignment: Build Your Own Computer Project

Directions: you will use the Internet to select and price the components to construct your own PC (you cannot construct a MAC). You have a set budget of $1,000. An Excel template has been provided for you. You will also construct a PowerPoint or a Prezi of your computer describing each of the components that you selected. Be sure to include the component details and the price in your presentation.

You can download the project here: Build Your Own Computer Project. I have also included an Excel Spreadsheet template and a Powerpoint presentation with valuable information.

Please upload all parts of your project to itsLearning for grading.


Laptops & Other Devices

Laptop Computers and Netbooks
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Getting to Know Mobile Devices
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Assignment: Question for Thought 1

Directions: Think about how a tablet computer is different from a laptop. What are some of the advantages and disadvantages of a tablet computer? Type your response (~50 words) directly into the itsLearning textbox. Do not attach a separate document and be sure to proofread.

Assignment: Laptops & Other Computers worksheet

Directions: Complete the online worksheet in itsLearning.


Software

bytesThe hardware components of a computer system are useless without the instructions to tell them what to do. This is where computer software comes in. Computer software determines the tasks your computer can accomplish. Your computer includes application software that provides your computer instructions for each use and utility software or system software that is designed to help you monitor and configure settings for your computer. On virtually all computer platforms, software can be grouped into a few broad categories:

Application software uses the computer system to perform useful work or provide entertainment functions beyond the basic operation of the computer itself.

System software is designed to operate the computer hardware, to provide basic functionality, and to provide a platform for running application software. System software includes operating systems like Windows, iOS, Android, or Mac OSX. System software also includes device drivers. Drivers are computer programs that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer such as the mouse or DVD player. Utilities, software designed to assist users in maintenance and care of their computers.

ram/romMalicious software, often referred to as malware, is computer software developed to harm and disrupt computers. Malware is undesirable and is closely associated with computer-related crimes, though some malicious programs may have been designed as practical jokes

The software's license gives the user the right to use the software in the licensed environment. Some software comes with the license when purchased off the shelf, or an OEM license when bundled with hardware. Other software comes with a free software license, granting the recipient the rights to modify and redistribute the software. Software can also be in the form of freeware or shareware.

Some software comes bundle as a suite. For example, Microsoft Office Suite is a bundle of word processing (Word), spreadsheet (Excel) and presentation (PowerPoint). In some versions of the suite, you can also get Publisher (desktop publishing), Outlook (email), and Access (relational database). The suite is designed to work together and you can easily import and export data between the applications.

Understanding applications
Click on the picture to read the website. Be sure to watch the video and engage in the interactive.

Mobile Apps

A mobile app is a computer program designed to run on smartphones, tablet computers and other mobile devices. Apps are usually available through application distribution platforms, which began appearing in 2008 and are typically operated by the owner of the mobile operating system, such as the Apple App Store, Google Play, Windows Phone Store, and BlackBerry App World. Some apps are free, while others must be bought. The popularity of mobile apps has continued to rise, as their usage has become increasingly prevalent across mobile phone users. According to market research firm Gartner, 102 billion apps will be downloaded in 2013 (91% of them will be free) but they will still generate $26 billion US dollars, up 44.4% on 2012's $18 billion US dollars.

Web Apps & the Cloud

cloud computingCloud computing is a term used to refer to a model of network computing where a program or application runs on a connected server or servers rather than on a local computing device such as a PC, tablet or smartphone. A user connects with a server to perform a task. The difference with cloud computing is that the computing process may run on one or many connected computers at the same time, utilizing the concept of virtualization.

You have probably used services that are offered in the cloud such as e-mail, iTunes, or Facebook. Many companies are now providing Software as a Service (SaaS). Instead of purchasing software on CDs at a store, you pay a monthly or annual subscription for the software and either download and install to your computer or login to a website to access the software.

Understanding applications
Click on the picture to read the website. Be sure to watch the video and engage in the interactive.

Assignment: Question for Thought 2

Directions: How can word processing, spreadsheet, presentation, and database software be used as a communication tool for business? Type your response (~100 words) directly into the itsLearning textbox. Do not attach a separate document and be sure to proofread.

Assignment: Software Comparison Chart

Directions: Create a table of software. Download the template here: Software Chart template and then upload to itsLearning when finished.


Operating Systems

Most people do not buy their computer or mobile device for the operating system but the operating system is an essential part of the computer or mobile device. An operating system (OS) is software that manages computer hardware resources and provides common services for computer programs. Application programs usually require an operating system to function.

Getting to know your operating system
Click on the picture to read the website. Be sure to watch the video and engage in the interactive.

Getting to know your operating system
Click on the picture to read the website. Be sure to watch the video and engage in the interactive.

Assignment: Getting to Know Your OS worksheet

Directions: Log into itsLearning and complete the Getting to Know Your OS worksheet.

Assignment: OS Venn Diagram

Directions: Research Windows 8, Windows 10 and the latest Mac OS. Use your notes to find similarities, commonalities, and differences between all 3. Construct a 3 circle/square Venn Diagram to demonstrate your understanding of the topics. Download the complete instructions here: OS Comparison & Contrast and upload to itsLearning when finished.

Assignment: Mobile OS Poster

Directions: Select a mobile operating system (Android or iOS) and create a 1-page promotional flyer for it. Include on your flyer: 3 benefits, 3 drawbacks, type of device it will run on, an example of an app that can run on the OS, and anything else you think would be important for promoting (getting people to want to use it) this OS. Download the assignment here: Mobile OS Poster and upload your poster to itsLearning when finished.


Emerging Technology

What is the impact of smartphones on society? Bran Ferren, Co-Founder & Chief Creative Officer, Applied Minds, talks about the impact of smartphones on society.

Take a glimpse inside the new Microsoft Envisioning Center, where visitors can experience conceptual prototypes that explore how services and devices will help us stay connected and transform the way we live, work and play. Focused on both productivity and consumer scenarios set 5 -- 10 years out, the Envisioning Center is a place where we can engage partners and engineering teams in dialog to evolve our vision.

This demo -- from Pattie Maes' lab at MIT, spearheaded by Pranav Mistry -- was the buzz of TED. It's a wearable device with a projector that paves the way for profound interaction with our environment. Imagine "Minority Report" and then some.

MIT grad student David Merrill demos Siftables cookie-sized, computerized tiles you can stack and shuffle in your hands. These future-toys can do math, play music, and talk to their friends, too. Is this the next thing in hands-on learning?

Assignment: Current Technology discussion board

Directions: Find a current technology that you think is really cool. Start a new thread on the itsLearning discussion board and tell the class why you think this technology is a great tool. Include the URL so other people can go check it out.

Assignment: Cloud Computing Comparison

Directions: Using the PowerPoint and the Internet, create a comparison of the features of three different cloud computing providers. Compare the following items on each of the providers you look at to compare. You need to add a few items of your own to the list! This should simply get you started! Please also include a definition of Cloud Computing somewhere on your page! You choose which software you want to do your comparison with (Word, Excel, PowerPoint or Prezi) You must also include a picture (icon) of each of the providers! Please note, you are also ranking the cloud computing providers as well as providing actual customer reviews that you find online!

Download the full assignment here: Cloud Comparison Project and upload to itsLearning.

Assignment: Emerging Technology Project

Directions: Emerging technology is technology that is fairly new and has not yet been adapted by the mainstream public. Examples in the past have included, Twitter, Facebook, Mobile Wallet, iTunes, GPS, RFID, Q codes, Teleconference, etc. Review this website: The Top 10 Emerging Technologies for 2015. Download the full project from itsLearning.


Resources

If you are having problems viewing this page, opening videos, or accessing the URLs, the direct links are posted below. All assignments are submitted in itsLearning. If you have having problems, contact Mrs. Rush through the itsLearning email client.

GCF lesson websites: http://www.gcflearnfree.org/computerbasics

Build Your Own PC: http://www.mrsrush.net/idt/hardware/computer.pdf

Mobile Apps video: http://bcove.me/rfh3w4d8

The Top 10 Emerging Technologies for 2015: https://agenda.weforum.org/2015/03/top-10-emerging-technologies-of-2015-2/

Microsoft's New Envisioning Center: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ho00x7ZvDLw

Pattie Maeb video: http://www.ted.com/talks/pattie_maes_demos_the_sixth_sense

David Merril Toy Tiles video: http://www.ted.com/talks/david_merrill_demos_siftables_the_smart_blocks

What is the Impact of Smartphones on Society: http://www.discovery.com/tv-shows/curiosity/topics/b-ferren-what-is-the-impact-of-smartphones-on-society.htm

Transcript: http://mrsrush.net/hardware/index.pdf


Credits

Transcript of this lesson